Breast Cancer is a form of cancer that affects and starts in the cells of a woman's breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into nourishing tissues or metastasize, spread to areas around the breast, such as your lymph nodes. The majority of cases are women, however men get it too.
Family history is one factor that determines your risk for the disease of breast cancer. Therefore, it is important for a woman to increase their awareness about their personal risk of breast cancer. In fact, many older women, older then 50, are diagnosed with breast cancer.
Ethnicity plays a part in developing breast cancer. Asian, Native American, Hispanic women have a lower change of getting cancer. While Caucasian women are more likely to get diagnosed. African American women have a greater risk of dying from breast cancer. Furthermore, if a mother, sister or daughter has breast cancer, your risk doubles.
The American Cancer Society has put out statistics on breast cancer as follows: about 1 in 8 women, 12%, will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime. Statistics for 2014 are as follows: 232,670 new cases if invasive breast cancer is diagnosed in women.
62,570 new cases in carcinoma in situ (CIS) will be diagnosed, which is the earlier form of breast cancer. 40,000 women will die.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death in women, next to lung cancer. Early detection, breast cancer awareness and screening have helped with catching breast cancer earlier. We are now seeing since 2000, a decreasing rate of breast cancer survivors today in the United States.
There are several types of breast cancer. Here are the more common types. Ductal Carcinoma in situ (DCIS) Intraductal Carcinoma is considered non invasive. Cancer has not spread. Lobular Carcinoma (LCIS) grow in the lobules of the milk producing glands of the breasts. This is not a true cancer. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) starts in the milk duct, goes through the wall and grow into the fatty tissues of the breast. It may spread. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) starts in the milk production glands. It can spread. Less common forms of breast cancer is Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC).
Here are some basic knowledge about a females breasts: The female breast is made up of lobules, milk producing glands and ducts, tiny tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple, the stroma, which are fatty and connective tissues surrounding the ducts and lobules, blood vessels as well as lymphatic vessels. Some cancers begin in the cells that line the duct, ductal cancers. While others begin in the cells that line the lobules, lobular cancer. Other cancers start in the tissues of a women's breast. Breast cancer can spread through lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are part of our immune system cell that is connected to the lymphatic vessels. Some lymph nodes are nearby under the arm while others are above or below the collarbone, near the breasts. Breast cancer spreads through these lymph nodes.
Your genes play an important part with breast cancer. If you have BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations, you have a higher risk for breast cancer. Therefore, monthly self exams, mammography, clinical breast exams when doctors request them, are important. The earlier mutations are detected, the better the survival outcome for a woman. A simple blood test of saliva test is needed. Additionally, genetic testing may be recommended. Afterwards, your doctor can recommend medications to reduce your risk of cancer, diagnose and even so preventative surgery.
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), developed clinical practice guidelines about tumor markers for breast cancer. What is a tumor marker? Tumor Markers is a substance produced by a tumor. Tumor Markers are found in the person's blood, urine or tumor itself. It is produced by the tumor in a person's body in response to cancer. When Tumor Markers are used with other tests, they can be very helpful. The next four paragraphs talk about Tumor Markers.
Estrogen receptor(ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) -Breast cancer cells with ER and PR depend on estrogen and progesterone to grow. Successful treatment with hormone therapy is tamoxifen (Nolvadex).
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)- This protein is present in large amounts in 20 to 25% of breast cancers. Testing for HER2 helps doctors know if cancer can be treated with anti HER2 treatments.
Cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) cancer antigen- 27.29 (CA 27..29) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). These Tumor Markers are found in 50 to 90% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, which is cancer that has spread outside the area of the breast.
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1)- higher then normal levels of them, Tumor Markers mean the cancer is more aggressive and faster growing. The Tumor Markers will probably help doctors decide what treatment to do such as chemotherapy after surgery. Additionally, the patient lymph nodes will also be checked.
In conclusion, it is important to be a well informed patient on breast cancer. Remember knowledge is power when it comes to your health and dealing with breast cancer. In addition, Tumor Markers are used to monitor, treat, help plan, guide and diagnosis breast cancer. They also predict the testing response to hormone therapy after surgery. Patients that have no cancer spread to their lymph nodes, may not need chemotherapy. Many cancer patients are now going on Tamoxifen for many years after breast cancer. Always ask your doctor for advice and don't be afraid to come with a list of questions. I know I did when I had a family member diagnosed with cancer. Remember, your doctor is here to help you and be a part of your treatment plan and recovery. Good luck and I hope everyone who goes through breast cancer and any form of cancer will come out stronger and be a survivor.
(This website has over 120 different cancer types and information).
1. Guide To Breast Cancer
2. What To Know: ASCO's Guideleines on follow up care for breast cancer
3. Understanding Tumor Makers
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BREASTFEEDING RATES BY STATE
Here is the latest statistics on breastfeeding and exclusively
breastfeeding by state. This list was compiled by The Center For Disease Control And Prevention National Immunization Survey.(2011) Statistics. It is based on phone calls, land line and telephone samples, dual frame sample.
The World Health Organization says that babies should be breastfed for at least six months. The American Academy of Pediatrics also believe that babies should be breastfed exclusively for the first six months. Then food should be introduced and breastfeeding continued up to 12 months old.
Vermont is the best state for good breastfeeding rates.
States Breastfeeding 6 months Breastfeeding 12 months
Alabama 32.1 11.8
Alaska 64.3 42.5
Arizona 47.8 23.9
Arkansas 32.3 13.5
California 63.1 38.4
Colorado 55.2 29.3
Connecticut 51.4 27.5
Delaware 34.4 16.8
District of Columbia 53.1 30.0
Florida 48.7 26.9
Georgia 40.1 20.7
Hawaii 61.5 36.5
Idaho 56.8 30.5
Illinois 47.0 26.1
Indiana 38.6 21.5
Iowa 51.6 28.9
Kansas 40.3 22.5
Kentucky 31.5 22.8
Louisiana 30.3 12.6
Maine 50.5 29.2
Maryland 60.1 29.4
Massachusetts 53.7 24.9
Michigan 46.6 23.3
Minnesota 59.2 34.6
Mississippi 28.9 10.0
Missouri 42.1 20.2
Montana 50.7 25.5
Nebraska 46.1 25.8
Nevada 45.3 22.7
New Hampshire 57.6 30.9
New Jersey 56.2 28.3
New York 55.8 31.3
North Carolina 48.3 24.5
Ohio 42.1 21.6
Oklahoma 38.4 22.6
Oregon 64.4 40.2
Pennsylvania 45.7 26.1
Rhode Island 47.0 22.2
South Carolina 56.2 30.9
South Dakota 45.6 18.3
Tennessee 40.7 20.9
Texas 42.9 20.9
Utah 63.1 40.7
Vermont 66.5 45.3
Virginia 53.7 27.4
Washington 64.2 35.3
West Virginia 29.3 15.9
Wisconsin 54.9 26.2
Wyoming 56.6 30.0
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best for your body. It has all the
nutritious ingredients needed to keep your baby healthy. In fact, any breast milk you give your baby
is better then none. However, sometimes
special care is needed to help breastfeed a baby with special needs.
have a weak muscle tone movement, which may involve the brain, nerves, muscles
and spinal cord. Causes may
include: brain damage, encephalopathy
due to lack of Oxygen. Sometimes
disorders affect the nerves that supply muscle to our body. In rare cases, an infant can’t process food
How can a mom
help breastfeed a baby with Hypotonia? A
baby with Hypotonia has a weak suck, and ineffective tongue. Therefore, the baby needs help positioning on
mom’s breast for breastfeeding. Many
Hypotonia babies have a hard time with the coordination of sucking, swallowing
and breathing. Therefore, a baby with
Hypotonia needs additional support.
The Dancer Position is used, where a mom
rounds her hand underneath her breast while stabilizing her baby’s jaw. Sometimes, the Hypotonia baby, does not have
a sucking reflex or has a decreased one. In fact, some of these babies facial
muscles are also weak, therefore making it hard to suck well. Occasionally, a nipple shield is needed for
this baby. You need to make sure your baby gets a deep and good latch. If these signs are not recognized early on,
these babies can lose too much weight.
However, it has been noted that, after working with these babies, their sucking
efficiency continues to improve over the first year. Some of these babies may require a little
intervention such as supplementation, pumping, more frequent nursing etc…… Take short breaks in between breastfeeding. Use a supplemental feeding system at your
breast if needed.
One example of
Hypotonia is Down Syndrome. Down
Syndrome is a disorder caused by Trisomy of Chromosome 21. Breastfeeding may actually help with normal
mouth and tongue coordination. Additionally,
many Hypotonia babies suffer from Cleft Palates. Other Hypotonia babies may suffer
from Pierre Robin Sequence, where a baby has a smaller then normal jaw, high
arched palate, a jaw that is far back close to the throat and the tongue is
large. Sometimes, teeth even appear at
birth. Other babies may suffer from Choanal
Atresia, where the anterior skull has a blockage which narrows the nasal
airway. Sometimes surgery is required to
correct this situation.
It is a good idea
for a Lactation Consultant to help
assess your baby’s ability to latch, suck and transfer milk. In fact, a Lactation Consultant will
recommend you to hold your baby skin to skin because this helps with increasing
you milk supply. Ask your pediatrician
to refer you to a Specialist, who can help you with your baby’s sucking
coordination, probably a pediatric Occupational Therapist. I have seen many come to the NICU to help
Tongue Tie is very common in babies suffering from Hypotonia. They may have a short Ligual Frenulum,
difficulty lifting their tongue and going to side to side with their
tongue. These babies need to see a
special Ear Nose and Throat, ENT, Doctor.
I send many of my patients to ENT, for a proper evaluation. A Frenotomy,
Tongue Clip may be preformed by the ENT, if necessary.
You can use a
hospital grade pump to double pump your breast.
It’s important to continue to evaluate and monitor your infant. You can go to a pediatric neurologist, a
geneticists for more testing, you can get diagnostic testing done and evaluate
your baby’s decreased muscle tone and floppyness of your baby’s body and head.
In conclusion, I
am so proud of each new mom that attempts to breastfeed a baby. Having a baby with Hypotonia is an even
bigger challenge. However, with patience
and love, you will learn to breastfeed your baby well. Remember, human milk is the best for your
baby. Keep your baby skin to skin when
possible. Breastfeed as often as you can. This will help improve coordination
associated with Hypotonia. Support your
baby’s mouth and jaw with your hand if needed. Take extra care when lifting
your baby up. Good luck. I hope
breastfeeding works out for all of you.
It is a special bond that will last forever. If you know someone who has a child with
Hypotonia, encourage them and be supportive of their choice to breastfeed. Keep telling them what a wonderful job they
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Certified Breastfeeding Educators
help breastfeeding families in many ways. Many of them are nurses on the health
care team promoting and assisting new moms with breastfeeding problems. In
1987, Dr. Debi Leslie Bocar, created the Breastfeeding Educator Program. It has been revised through the years over
Certified Breastfeeding Educators take a
very short five day course.
In fact, Certified
Breastfeeding Educators are not qualified to represent themselves as lactation
consultants. Therefore, there is a big difference when a person represents
themselves as a Lactation Consultant or as a Certified Breastfeeding Educator.
The title Certified Breastfeeding
Educator means that you have attended and participated in a Breastfeeding
Additionally, you have
role play activities which may
include positioning, latch-on and mom breastfeeding, and oral discussion of the
management of selected breastfeeding challenges during the week you are at your
There is a 50 question exam
that you need to get an 80% in order to pass.
Participants are awarded a
certificate documenting their successful completion of the certification
process and will be entitled to use the designation Certified Breastfeeding
Educator™ for a period of five years.
Recertification is needed every five years.
There are different pathways to become an
International Board Certified Lactation Consultant or IBCLC. This is the real degree in the field of
Lactation Consulting. For me, it took six and a half years to become an
IBCLC. I am an International Board Certified
Lactation Consultant. I hold a Bachelors
Degree in the field of Maternal and Child Health/ Lactation. I also interned for many hours, months, years
to qualify to sit for my boards in 2010.
A Certified Breastfeeding Educator has
only finished a one week course.
Therefore, you need to be careful who you choose to be your Lactation
Consultant. Ask for our Board Certified
Number. An IBCLC has much more extensive
training, and more techniques to better serve you and help you with your
breastfeeding problems. By using someone
else, they miss something and you are not going to be guided correctly. Furthermore, someone may say and represent
themselves as Lactation Consultant when in reality, they are not. Many states are trying to put legislation
through to protect new moms. I feel that
it will take a while before this happens in your state or place you live.
In conclusion, if you can find someone
with an IBCLC, behind their name, then we are the real International Board
Certified Lactation Consultant. If you
use anyone else, including nurses with the less degree, they will not know all
the techniques to help you and your baby.
Choose wisely and carefully.
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Breast milk is
best for your baby. Therefore, every
woman should consider breastfeeding.
However, sometimes medical problems may arise and prevent a mom from
breastfeeding. Some women experience
breastfeeding and Fibromyaligia. It
becomes a little more challenging where these moms experience constant fatigue,
chronic pain, joint disorders and other kinds on medical problems. Some women with Fibromyalgia feel great
during their pregnancy, only to feel worse afterwards while breastfeeding. Therefore, this makes it hard for women to
Fibromyalgia? It is a syndrome that is
associated with pain all over your body for a long period of time. It has no age limit therefore, children, men
and women can suffer from it. Possible
causes may include: physical, emotional
and mental trauma, abdominal pain response, sleep disturbances, anxiety,
depression, injury to the body, sensitivity of light, sound or odors, stiffness
when you wake up and get out of bed, sexual dysfunction, muscle trauma, chronic
neck or back pain, infectious illness, chronic fatigue, hypothyroid or under
active thyroid, or illnesses such as Lyme Disease, Hepititis C or Epstein- Barr
Virus. Additionally, if you have an
overactive immune system, this may cause muscle trauma and injury. Last of all, genetics may play a part in
can cause Fibromyalgia to flare up. When
that happens, try to find a calm and stress free room to breastfeed. Use pillows to help support your body during
people with Fibromyalgia experience pain day and night. Some people seek medications for their
symptoms. At this time, the Food and Drug
Administration has approved Lyrica (Pregabalin), to be used for Fibromyalgia
patients. Dr Thomas W. Hale, an expert
in the field of medications and breastfeeding, recommends that you watch your
baby for sedation, constipation etc…
Furthermore, he continues saying that nursing moms should use precaution
when taking this drug.
therapies such as massages, acupuncture or seeing a Chiropractor may help. Yoga may also be good for you. These alternative therapies may help mange
your Fibromyalgia symptoms better.
Other symptoms of Fibromyalgia may
include: irritable bowel syndrome,
(IBS), having memory loss or having a hard time to concentrate in your daily
life, numbness or tingling in your hands or feet. You may also have a limited ability to
perform exercises. One can even get
migraines or tension headaches. Speak
with your doctor if you experience these problems so you can get a proper
be debilitating. These conditions can
come in a wide range of symptoms affecting each individual differently. At the present time, there is no cure. Doctors focus and concentrate on relieving
symptoms and improving your functions.
In conclusion, breastfeeding
should be pain free and enjoyable. If
you have Fibromyalgia, ask your doctor how you can successfully
breastfeed. Position yourself on your
bed or in a chair properly. Try to have
a little bit of patients to deal with your problem. Consult a Lactation Consultant, such as
myself, a specialist in the field of breastfeeding for additional
assistance. Speak to your doctor and use
prescription medication to help reduce pain if needed. Try to use alternative therapies for
additional comfort. Try to get as much
rest as possible, reduce your stress level, exercise moderately and listen to
your body if you are tired, practice methods of relaxation, and improve your
diet and overall nutrition. All these
things can help minimize symptoms and help improve your quality of life.
Please like my website page. To everyone around the world, thank you for taking the ICE BUCKET CHALENGE. I hope in our lifetime we find a cure for ALS.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or ALS? Amyotrophic
gets its name as follows: A stands for
no, Myo refers to muscle and Trophic means nourishment., therefore, no muscle
nourishment. When a muscle has no
nourishment, it atrophies or wastes away.
Lateral identifies the area in the human’s body, their spinal cord,
where a portion of the nerve cells that signals and controls the muscles are
located. As this area degenerates, it
starts to scar and harden, sclerosis, in the region. Sometimes ALS is called Lou Gehrig’s Disease.
Unfortunately, it is a rapidly progressive disease, a fatal neurological
disease that attacks the neurons or nerve cells which are responsible for
controlling our voluntary muscles movement.
These muscles may include the arms, legs, or face. In fact, it can gradually destroy our motor
neurons and can be fatal. That is why
The Ice Bucket Challenge is a blessing to many who suffer or who have family
members who are suffering from this disease because from all this money has
come awareness of this disease and a possible road to a cure.
The drug Riluzole
(Rilutek) is the only drug approved by the FDA for ALS. It slows the disease down. Speak to your doctor if you are breastfeeding
because this drug passes through into the human milk. Additionally, this drug can lower your white
blood cells and increase your chances of getting an infection. Additionally, animals, especially rodents, treated
with this drug, have shown significant improvement in their motor scores.
There are no
adequate studies at this time done on Riluzole and breastfeeding. Together with
your doctor, you can make an informed decision weighing the benefits of taking
this drug as opposed to the potential risks it may have on you and your baby
while breastfeeding. Many feel that a
mom should not breastfeed while taking this drug.
There are side
affects to this drug Riluzole. Some of
the side effects are: pneumonia,
abdominal pain, drowsiness, dizziness, decreased liver function, nausea, rash,
itching, swelling, vertigo, vomiting and diarrhea. There are many clinical trials underway
testing new drugs and hoping to find a way for people to live a better quality
life. There are tests being done on
especially rodents to test drug like compounds, gene therapy, antibodies and
cell based therapies. Clinical trials
offer hope for people to help further our study on ALS.
In conclusion, always
contact your doctor when you want to breastfeed and you are taking medications.
Discuss with your doctor the risk and benefit of the drug, Riluzole. It is unknown if this drug passes into breast
milk. Therefore, consult with your
doctor before breastfeeding. I hope in
our lifetime we will see a cure for ALS and be able to figure out what causes
this disease and how we can prevent and help people live a more productive life
with it. I am happy we have had The Ice
Bucket Challenge and now the world is more aware of ALS. I hope with the money received, we will find
Where can I get information?
1275 K Street,
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breastfeeding moms use of Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs)? Now that
you have given birth, you probably have concerns whether you can breastfeed
while taking epilepsy drugs. It is
important to encourage breastfeeding
moms to take careful precautions and evaluate possible
side-effects on their baby caused by the indirect exposure to AEDs via breast
blog, I have tried to explain how safe each drug is while breastfeeding In
fact, for each AEDs, I collected all
retrievable data from Hale’s “Medications and Mother Milk” (2012). I will summarize each drug according to Dr.
Thomas W. Hale’s opinion. Additionally,
older AEDs, such as Carbamazepine, Valproic Acid, Phenytoin, Phenobarbital, Primidone
are considered to have a good level of safety during lactation. However, there
are fewer data available on the use of the new AEDs on the market today. Therefore, Gabapentin, Lamotrigine,
Oxcarbazepine, Vigabatrin, Tiagabine, Pregabalin, Leviracetam and Topiramate
are compatible with breastfeeding with a less documented safety profile.
Ethosuximide, Zonisamide and the continue use of Clonazepam and Diazepam are
contraindicated during breastfeeding. More testing is needed on these drugs and
hopefully in the near future, more doctors, healthcare professionals and
scientists will take interest in this subject and future their studies on these
treated with Carbamazepine (CBZ), should be carefully monitored during
breastfeeding. Probably this drug is
safe to use.
large amount of this drug is transferred into the baby. Watch your baby for sedation, poor sucking
and excitability. This not the preferred choice.
are low in milk.
lamotrigine is considered moderately safe during breastfeeding .
is a new AED; keppra, is usually added
to other drugs in case of inadequate control of seizures. It passes into breast
milk however, it is still thought to be safe levels. It is the growing choice of a drug to use.
(OXC) or Trileptal is used to treat
partial seizures. Reports of its use while breastfeeding are
Phenobarbital- Phenobarbital or Laminal
or Barbilixir, is widely used in both adults and children. The main, yet rare, side-effect attributed to
phenobarbital is sedation, In premature babies or in infants with drowsiness,
difficulty in sucking or poor weight gain, it is recommended to monitor its
Phenytoin or Dilantin or Nova-Phenytoin At this time, there is no
study on the passage of pregabalin into human milk. The absence of binding to
plasma proteins and its excellent oral bioavailability
suggest that it can pass into the mother’s milk and into the circulation of the
breastfeeding baby. Numerous side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness,
impaired vision have been observed in adults. It is rated as moderately safe
Primidone- Mysoline, Apo-Primidone, Sertan, These types of drugs have a significant affect and
causes sedation in a baby. It should be used with caution during breastfeeding
Tiagabine- Tiagabine oral absorption is almost complete and it is highly bound to plasma
proteins. There are no studies on its use during
breastfeeding, leading to possibly prefer other antiepileptic drugs. If this
drug is taken by the breastfeeding mother, the baby should be monitored.
Topiramate or Topamax is increasingly prescribed, being effective and well-tolerated by
epileptic patients. It is rapidly absorbed, it has a low plasma protein
binding, a relatively long half-life and a significant excretion into breast
milk. Close observation for sedation is
taking valproate may develop hepatotoxicity, thrombocytopenia and anemia. The
limited passage of valproate into breast milk (the drug is almost completely
bound to plasma proteins) make it safe in lactation.
is commonly used for multi-resistant epilepsy.
There are no precise data about its passage into breast milk. Since no
information is available about its use during lactation, the breastfeeding
infants should be monitored.
Zonisamide- Zonisamide –It is a sulfonamide. It easily passes into breast milk.
Caution is recommended with this drug.
When evaluating a drug, certain
things should be taken into considerations.
Discussion toxicity in breastfed infants is reported. AEDs are expected
to determine in the breastfeeding baby a
series of symptoms related to their pharmacological effects on the central
nervous system, sleep patterns, poor sucking and possibly poor growth. Another variable is how well an infant and
mom metabolizes the drug in their systems.
Breastfeeding mothers should be provided with
concise and clear information on the lactation risk on every prescribed
medications they take. Nevertheless, breastfeeding mothers taking AEDs happen
to receive inconsistent and sometimes conflicting advices on whether or not to
breastfeed from different clinicians (general physician, neurologist, pediatrician,
obstetrician, etc.). Therefore, don’t be
afraid to ask questions when you are in doubt of what medications you are on
and how will it affect your baby.
In conclusion, breastfeed babies should be carefully
monitored and, if required, the infant drug plasma-level should be tested. Although the current available advice on the
use of AEDs during breastfeeding present some contradictions, most AEDs can be
considered safe according to our review.
We need to keep encouraging women to breastfeed. Moms taking epileptic drugs need to be well
informed and speak directly to their doctor and together make an informed
decision to breastfeed her baby. Good luck and I hope you all have a
successfully and enjoyable breastfeeding journey.
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Breast milk is
the most nutritional food you can feed your baby in the NICU. It is filled with nutrients, vitamins and
antibodies that can help a NICU baby get stronger and healthier. “The immunological and anti inflammatory
properties of human milk are especially important for the critically ill, infants
in our intensive care units,” said Diane
L. Spitz, nurse researcher and director of the Lactation Program at the
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, CHOP.
Some babies will be able to breastfeed during their stay in the NICU
while other babies will need breast milk fed to them through their feeding
tubes or bottle. I have had the
experience of having two sons who were in the NICU.
I remember going
home and pumping my breast milk every three hours at home and sending the
bottles with my husband for our baby in the NICU and they fed it to him through
his feeding tube. One of our sons spent
four weeks in the NICU. I had to teach
him how to breastfeed when I came home.
If you need to
pump for a while for your NICU baby, I highly recommend a hospital grade pump
or a good electric pump. Many insurance
companies are now paying for you to get a pump through the Affordable Care
Act. After you give birth, call your
insurance company and see if you can get one.
Some of them are worth close to three hundred dollars, well worth the
Try to pump in a
comfortable place, eat and drink well, find time to rest. This will all help your milk production. What ever you pump for your baby is so
important to bring to the hospital because this breast milk is especially
designed for babies in the NICU. It has
more infection fighting substances in the milk.
Ask a Lactation Consultant
for help in the hospital while your baby is in the NICU. Once you come home, you may want to call a
Lactation Consultant, such as myself, at least one time to help you
breastfeed. A Lactation Consultant may
recommend you use a nipple shield, a soft silicone nipple placed over the
mother’s nipple sometimes used to help premature babies. Additionally, a Lactation Consultant can help
weigh your baby before and after to see how much your baby is eating. Your pediatrician may recommend
supplementation for a while. As the baby
gets stronger and bigger, supplementation will be decreased and possibly be
A Lactation Consultant
can also go over Kangaroo Care, placing your baby on your chest skin to
skin. This will help warm the baby and
be comfortable by hearing mom’s familiar heartbeat and breathing.
In conclusion, don’t
expect breastfeeding to be perfect at first.
Your baby has spent time in the NICU and there needs to be a period of adjustment
for both of you when the baby comes home.
Your baby will benefit from any amount of breast milk you can
produce. Breastfeeding is a personal
decision. You need to make the right
decision for you and your baby.
Skin to skin is an amazing time
to bond with your new baby. There are so
many benefits for a mom to hold her baby close to her skin. In fact, early skin-to-skin care (also called
kangaroo care) is a natural process that involves placing a naked newborn chest
down on the mother’s bare chest and covering the infant with blankets to keep
it dry and warm. Ideally, skin-to-skin care starts immediately after
birth or shortly after birth, with the baby remaining on the mom’s chest until
at least the end of the first breastfeeding session (Moore, Anderson et al. 2012.)
Therefore, hospitals need to be well informed of the importance of skin
to skin. Early skin to skin can done right after delivery, as soon as possible or within the first twenty four
hours. If a mom cannot hold her baby right
away, dad can do skin to skin.
Sadly, in the United States,
Cesarean births are on the rise.
Importantly, the rate of Cesarean births has increased significantly in
and currently averages around 32%– or 1.4 million American babies born by Cesarean (Menacker and Hamilton, 2010.)
Many of my patients have had Cesarean births. I tell them to breastfeed their baby as soon
as possible after delivery.
Skin to skin helps babies in so
many ways including in their development physically, emotionally, mentally and
socially. In fact, preemie babies benefit in so many ways with skin to
skin. There are so many benefits for
both mom and baby during skin to skin time.
Some of them are: baby blood
sugar level stays good, mom gets less engorgement in the first few days, mom is
less anxious because she is holding her baby in her arms. Furthermore, the baby cries less. The baby has a better heart rate and
temperature level because he is skin to skin with his mom.
Sometimes barriers get in the way
and the mom is not able to hold her baby right away. Some barriers may be mom is too nauseas
after giving birth. Additionally, mom
may have to wait until her anesthesia wears off and she can feel her arms so
she can hold her baby. Her IV, oxygen
monitor or heart monitor stickers have to be placed so she can pick up the
baby. Routine procedures for the baby
such as getting the baby’s Apgar score, weighing and checking the babies, may
delay skin to skin. One of the main
perceived barriers to implementing skin-to-skin care after a C-section is
because hypothermia (low temperature) in babies is more common after a
C-section. Babies who are born via Cesarean are at higher risk of hypothermia
because the operating room temperature is kept quite cold, mothers undergoing a
Cesarean may have a lower body temperature, and babies were exposed in utero to
drugs that may affect their temperature (Moore, Anderson et al., 2012). Some of these barriers need to be broken and
different protocols need to be put into place to allow the family to experience
a once in a lifetime moment of beginning life holding their baby skin to skin.
usually control whether the baby can be with you in the recovery room. Talk to your nurse and doctor before you go
into the operating room and express your wishes to do skin to skin and
breastfeed as soon as possible immediately after delivery.
skin to skin early on is safe and beneficial.
Hopefully, hospitals will see the importance of skin to skin in the
first hour and help women who have had a Cesarean hold their baby. It is a great start for both mom and
baby. I hope hospitals around the world
will encourage women to do skin to skin after they have had a Cesarean Section. This way, the baby will be in the warm,
loving arms of their mom and feel safe, nurtured, protected and loved.
There are many
health benefits to breastfeeding your baby. Moms with Arthritis may face
special challenges while breastfeeding their baby. You can help assist these moms by giving them
words of encouragement, helping them find good ways to hold their baby etc…
Some women have
Arthritis before they conceive or breastfeed.
What are the types of Arthritis? Osteoarthritis is the most common
form. It usually puts wear and tear on
your joints. Usually it occurs where you
have injured a joint or in the elderly.
Inflammatory Arthritis covers over 120 different diseases. Not only does this disease affect the joints,
it also affects other body parts. Some
types of Arthritis include Rheumatoid Arthritis, RA Systemic Lupus
Erythematosus, SLE or Lupus, Systemic Sclerosis. They can range from mild to severe. RA is an autoimmune disease, a condition that
causes pain and swelling in the joints.
It can affect the hand, feet or wrists as well as other parts of the
body can also be affected. Fibromyalgia
is a chronic pain syndrome sometimes also called arthritis of the muscles.
More then half of
pregnancies in the world are unplanned.
Academy of Rheumatology,
ACR, recommends that a woman’s Arthritis be controlled six months before
conceiving. Some women with Arthritis
often feel better during pregnancy.
However, after delivery often doctors recommend moms to have someone
help them because Arthritis may flare up where their shoulders, wrist and
elbows hurt making it hard to position the baby for breastfeeding. This is where I come in as a Lactation
Consultant and help them position their baby in a more comfortable way.
medications a patient is taking is top priority. Here is a list of drugs harmful during
pregnancy and breastfeeding for Arthritis.
This list was developed by a group of OB-GYN doctors, Rheumatologists
and Internists placed on the ACR website.
Drugs that are good while pregnant and breastfeeding are:
Anti-tumor necrosis factor(anti-TNF) drugs
Azathioprine(Imuran) (probably OK during breastfeeding but
check with your doctor)
Cyclosporine (ask you
doctor if OK during breastfeeding)
NSAIDS ( avoid after 32 weeks)
These drugs should not be taken during pregnancy or
Methotrxate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
Mycophenolate (Cellcept, Myfortic)
Waefarin ( OK after first trimester and breastfeeding)
The ACR goes further and recommends men should speak to
their doctors who are on drugs for RA three months before conceiving because
some drugs such as Methotrexate and Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) can affect sperm
There are other
important facts about Arthritis.Yeast Infections are sometimes more common
because moms may be more susceptible during her medication use. Furthermore, if she gets cracked nipples, she
could develop thrush. Another
interesting fact is that many cases of Arthritis are believed to result from an
interaction of genetic as well as environmental factors. Women tend to suffer more then men. Raynaud’s Phenomenon is another possible
symptom of Fibromyalgia. Raynaud’s
involves constriction of blood vessels in the hands and veins that they blanch
or turn blue. It can also turn red as
the blood rushes back.
Fatigue and sleep
deprivation can occur with moms who suffer from Arthritis. In fact, a mom with Arthritis may be at a
greater risk of postpartum depression.
Antidepressents may have to be used to not only control Arthritis but
help with sleep. Consult with your
doctor before using any drug while breastfeeding.
further research needs to be done with Arthritis, pregnancy and
breastfeeding. Moms with Arthritis need
to be given accurate information so that they can make informed decisions on
their condition. Helping moms use proper
pillows and positioning moms right while breastfeeding will help ease joint pain. Help the mom get her pain under control so
she will have a good night sleep and feel rested. Make sure she is taking the right and safe
drug while she breastfeeds. Enjoy
breastfeeding. It is a beautiful time to
bond with one another.